Mauro Giuliani

(1781-1829)


Country: Italy

Mauro Giuliani was an Italian guitar virtuoso mostly active in the 19th century, he also was an accomplished cellist and singer. At a young age, Mauro and his brother were moved to Barletta, where he embarked on cello studies, an instrument which he remained proficient on throughout his professional life. An interest in the guitar followed, and he quickly learnt the instrument.

Subsequent to studies in counterpoint Giuliani moved to Vienna, Austria in 1806. In the capital city he became acquainted with classical musical styles, and by 1807 was publishing compositions in this style. He found a resounding success with concert tours all over Europe, and became a local celebrity in Vienna and mixed among the elite of society and was friendly with the likes of Rossini and Beethoven. He played an important part in defining a new role for the guitar in the context of European music. In 1815 he was assigned as the official concert artist for the Congress of Vienna which saw the major European powers negotiating the future of Europe after the Napoleonic wars. Giuliani played cello in the debut performance of Beethoven's Seventh Symphony on 8 December 1813.

By 1820 Giuliani had left Vienna and returned to Italy due to financial reasons. He hoped to solve his money problems with a concert tour through Bohemia and Bavaria, and finally settled in Rome. In 1822, his illegitimate daughter Emilia journeyed from Vienna to join him. He did not find success in the city.

Giuliani found a better reception in the city of Naples, and was able to publish new works for the guitar. Emilia had become a skilled guitar performer and Mauro frequently appeared in duos with his daughter. He died in Naples in 1829.

Free sheet music by Mauro Giuliani

Allegretto Op 50 No 15

Andantino in A major

Ecossaise Op. 33 no. 10